Although marijuana was previously illegal, Missouri decriminalized its use in May 2014, when the Senate Bill 491 was passed. The bill reduced penalties on marijuana offenders. In 2018, the state of Missouri legalized the use of medical marijuana, which saw the first licensed sale happening in October 2020.
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But to use marijuana, you need to have a proper understanding of Missouri medical marijuana laws so that you avoid making mistakes.
Below is a simple overview of everything you need to know about the Missouri medical marijuana laws and where you can get your marijuana:
How Much Weed Can You Buy?
After opening the first medical marijuana dispensary in Missouri, there was a high demand for the product. With over 66,000 people holding medical marijuana cards, there was not enough for everyone to buy, however much they wanted.
The state government of Missouri provides restrictions on the amount of weed you can buy at your local medical marijuana dispensary.
Any registered patient or their caregiver can only buy a maximum of four ounces of medical marijuana every month. The 4% tax charged on marijuana is then used to cover healthcare costs for veterans.
Dispensaries in Missouri
After the legalization of medical marijuana in 2018, the first clinic opened to the public on the 17th of October, 2020. And even though the state has issued over 194 licenses to people looking to open medical marijuana dispensaries, there has been a shortage of supply.
You can buy marijuana products in these dispensaries, including flower, vape, tinctures, edibles, topicals, and oils, among many more.
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According to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, DHSS, there are about 17 operational dispensaries in the state. These include:
- Missouri Health and Wellness in Kirksville, Washington, Sedalia
- Fresh Green in Lee’s Summit
- Nirvana Bliss V in Ellisville
- Nirvana Bliss II in Ballwin
- AW Enterprise of MO in Lee’s Summit
- Releaf Resources in Grandview
- Old Route 66 Wellness in Springfield and Ozark
- The Dispensary in Cassville
- Harmony Neosho in Neosho
- BD Health Retail 1 in Humansville
- belief Medical in Saint Peters
- MO Med Moberly in Moberly
- GRD Mexico in Mexico
- GRD Moberly in Moberly
To find out more about these dispensaries’ license numbers and locations, you can visit Missouri DHSS.
What Are the Qualifying Conditions in Missouri?
Not everyone is eligible to get a medical marijuana card in Missouri. The first step of your journey to getting access to medical weed is having a qualifying condition specified by the state.
Find out more about the qualifying conditions in Missouri.
Licensed medics fill out a physician’s certification form, which should not be more than 30 days old at the time of your application for the medical marijuana card in Missouri. This form specifies the condition you have and the recommended amount of weed you should use to alleviate the symptoms.
Missouri Medical Marijuana Laws
The state of Missouri has been consistent in providing information regarding the status of marijuana and its use. There have been annual reports on medical marijuana regulation and detailed fees report indicating just how much you need to pay to get a state license fee.
With all these, there are also laws enacted regarding medical marijuana.
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Laws on Possession
According to the Missourian law, patients who do not grow weed in their homes should not have more than a 60-days’ supply in their possession at any one time. On the other hand, those patients who grow their cannabis should have no more than a 90-days’ supply.
In Missouri, 4 ounces of unprocessed marijuana is equivalent to a 30-days’ supply.
Having marijuana on you without a medical marijuana card is considered a federal crime, which is punishable by a fine. These fines are categorized as:
- 10 grams of weed possession- No jail time, but you pay a fine not exceeding $500
- When found with the same amount for the second, you serve jail time and pay up to $2000 fine
Laws on Purchasing
In Missouri, a medical marijuana cardholder can buy up to 4 ounces of unprocessed marijuana for their medical use.
In terms of content:
- 1 ounce of marijuana=28.35 grams of unprocessed weed
- 1 ounce of weed= 8 grams of cannabis concentrate
- 1 ounce of cannabis= 800 mg of pure THC in the product
Failure to adhere to these limits results in a $200 fine and revoking your medical marijuana card.
Laws on Consumption
Although medical marijuana patients can use their weed at any time, Missouri places restrictions on places where you can use it. To this effect, you cannot smoke or use marijuana in public places.
According to the Missouri DHSS, a public place is any part of the property, whether public or private, that the general public can access. These regions include:
- Businesses among others
Missouri goes ahead to help medical marijuana patients who could be out of their homes. It appeals to property owners to provide isolated regions on their property for patients to consume marijuana. However, it leaves the choice of what products you can use to the property owner, who may or may not limit these products to non-smokable options.
Laws on Growing Marijuana
Provided you are a patient with a medical condition qualifying for the use of medical marijuana, you can apply for a license to grow weed in your home. With a medical marijuana card, you can quickly grow, harvest, and use marijuana, provided you follow the quantity limits offered by the state.
Once you obtain your license, there are several rules you should abide by. These include:
- You can only grow marijuana in an enclosed or locked space.
- You can clone up to 6 males, 6 female flowering plants, and 6 clones that are no more than 14 inches tall.
- Unless you are a licensed caregiver, you cannot grow weed for other patients or non-patients.
- Once you walk into the cultivation space, one must clearly see your grower’s license and qualifying condition card.
- Any marijuana grown at home should have labels showing the patient’s name.
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In short, you can only grow weed in Missouri if you have a medical marijuana card and a license. Failure to obey these rules could result in:
- Four years in prison and a $10,000 fine for growing 1.2 ounces of cannabis.
- $10,000 fine and 3-10 years prison sentence for amounts exceeding 1,2 ounces of weed.
Laws on Selling and Distribution
Missouri allows for the use of medical marijuana and its growth for patients with qualifying medical conditions. However, it is a severe crime to be found selling or distributing marijuana.
Breaking this rule results in hefty penalties, including:
- Up to 4 years imprisonment and $10,000 fine for 1.2 ounces of weed.
- A mandatory penalty of 3 years or up to 10 years imprisonment and $10 000 fine for 1.2-1058.2 ounces of weed.
- Three years mandatory penalty that could go up to 15 years imprisonment, double the profit fines for when found selling weed to a minor.
- 10-30 years of prison time and varied fines for selling marijuana near public places such as schools, parks, or public housings.
Laws on Trafficking Marijuana
Penalties applied to marijuana traffickers in Missouri include:
- 3-10 years prison time and $10,000 fine for bringing 10-100kgs of weed into the state.
- 5-15 years imprisonment, twice the profit made as fine for bringing more than 100kgs or 500 plants into the state.
Products designed to aid in the consumption of marijuana is illegal in Missouri. When found in possession of these devices, contain, conceal, or store marijuana, the following penalties apply:
- The first offense attracts a fine of no more than $500.
- A second or subsequent offense attracts a one-year jail time and a $2,000 fine.
Also, bringing marijuana from other states into Missouri is considered illegal. This restriction also applies to medical cardholders from other states.
Laws on Cannabis Testing
Missouri has no laws on marijuana testing in the private employment sector. That means that as an employee, you can expect drug testing to be conducted with no laws being broken.
And due to the lack of a transparent standpoint on marijuana drug testing, many employers and marijuana cardholders find themselves in challenging positions.
But all in all, the employer can request a drug test, and they can ideally terminate your employment when you test positive. This implies that different employers have their policies on drug use in their workplaces.
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Missouri is adapting and accommodating the use of medical marijuana in the treatment of chronic medical conditions. And although CBD oil was already legal by 2014, it was only recently that Missouri licensed medical marijuana dispensaries.
These rules are bound to change, including the fees charged on marijuana across the state. There will be clear guidelines in nearly all aspects regarding the use of marijuana among patients with qualifying conditions in no time.
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