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Marijuana legalization is spreading all over the United States. States are reconsidering their relationship with marijuana as we get to discover more about the plant. More importantly, scientists are unraveling the components that make up the bud and how they affect the human body.

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A total of 15 states, including Washington, DC, have legalized marijuana for adults over 21. Thirty-six states have legalized the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes. This acceptance and legalization of marijuana mean Americans can now access marijuana if they need to.

It is important to note that marijuana has known pros and cons, and more are being discovered every day. States have put laws in place that medical and recreational users must follow. Some states require users to have a medical marijuana card.

To understand why marijuana is gaining so much acceptance, we have to look into one of its most essential components: Cannabinoids.


Marijuana Chemical Composition: What are Cannabinoids and How Do They Affect the Body?

Popularly called CBD, cannabinoids are a naturally-occurring biologically active class of molecules in the cannabis plant. There are over 480 known cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid is slightly different from the rest in shape, size, and chemical composition.

These components are absorbed into your bloodstream and everywhere in the body when you smoke, vape, or eat marijuana edibles.

The two most popular cannabinoid components are CB1 and CB2. These receptors are found in large quantities in the immune system and the brain, and throughout the human body. When CB1 and CB2 receptors are activated, how your body functions also change.

This explains why pot haves a psychoactive process that you can feel from head to toe. The effects, however, go beyond what you think at a high moment. The cannabinoids delivered all over the body also affects:

  • The immune system.
  • Blood circulatory system.
  • Central nervous system
  • Digestive system
  • Thinking, judgment, and memory


Receptor Target Sites of Cannabinoid Receptor

Receptor Target Sites of Cannabinoid Receptor


Functions of CB1 and CB2

The human body naturally produces endocannabinoids that activate cannabinoid receptors. They are the reason that THC, CBD, and synthetic cannabinoids HU-210 have profound effects on your body.

CB1 is found in large quantities in the central nervous system and tissues in the brain. They are also found in small amounts in the lungs, kidneys, and liver.

CB2 is mainly found in the immune system. It may also be found in traces in the blood vessels and the lymph system.

Each of these components of marijuana is known to have healing properties in the body. If you need to use marijuana for medical purposes, there are stringent rules you may need to follow both at the federal and state levels. You may only be considered for a Medical Marijuana card to access medical marijuana if you have a qualifying condition in some states.

Cannabinoid’s Phytocannabinoid-Terpenoid Entourage Effect

Combining two or more cannabinoids often causes an effect that is more profound than when you take them separately. For example, the Cannabis components in MMJ Terpenes combine to cause a relaxing and calming effect. To eliminate paranoid effects, THC can be delivered with peppercorns.

Pepper can be combined with any of these terpenes:

  • Pinene 
  • Beta-caryophyllene 
  • Caryophyllene
  • Myrcene
  • Alpha-pinene

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The Top 5 Chemical Components of Marijuana are given below:


1. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC or Delta 9)

This is a psychoactive THC component that gives medical marijuana a bad name, but it is advantageous as it treats many conditions and has minimal side effects. Its effects include:

  • Stress reduction
  • Euphoria
  • Creativity
  • Relaxation


2. Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is one of the most studied cannabinoids components. Research has found that it is highly effective in treating various medical conditions and eradicating symptoms. This component is used to treat:

  • Inflammation
  • Chronic pain
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Anxiety
  • Epilepsy
  • Depression


3. Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC is more dominant in some marijuana strains than CBD. It is best known for its anti-inflammatory and brain and nerve cell regeneration effects. This non-psychoactive component is effective on its own but is often combined with CBD and THC for better effect. It is used as:

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Anti-tumor treatment
  • Antidepressant
  • Anti-fungal treatment

4. Cannabinol (CBN)

CBN is a more potent stimulant than CBD and THC. This compound is prevalent for stimulating appetite. It is recommended by doctors for use in:


What are the top 5 Cannabinoids?

What are the top 5 Cannabinoids?


5. Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBG component is formed very early in the plant growth cycle. It is non-psychoactive and is very abundant in the bud. When extracted, it works best as an antimicrobial treatment. It is recommended by Medical Marijuana Doctors for use as:

  • Antidepressant
  • Pain Reliever
  • Tranquilizer
  • Anti-psychosis
  • Anti-tumor treatment
  • Antibiotic

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Final Thoughts

There are good reasons why the world is embracing marijuana: it works. There are hundreds of known components in the plant that has remarkable healing properties to the human body.

If you are not making use of them to get healthier and fight diseases, you should consider it. Contact our medical marijuana doctors to get guidance on the best type of marijuana you can use to improve your health.

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